A summary of chemical contaminant levels at benthic surveillance project sites (1984-1992)

  • 633 Pages
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  • English

Coastal Monitoring and Bioeffects Assessment Division, Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and Assessment, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Dept. of Commerce , Silver Spring, MD (1305 East-West Highway, Silver Spring 20910)
Water -- Pollution -- United States -- Statistics, Fishes -- Effect of water pollution on -- United States -- Statistics, Fishes -- Effect of chemicals on -- United States -- Stati
StatementMichelle R. Harmon, B. William Gottholm, and Andrew Robinson
SeriesNOAA technical memorandum NOS ORCA -- 124
ContributionsGottholm, Bernard W, Robertson, Andrew, 1936-, United States. National Ocean Service. Coastal Monitoring and Bioeffects Assessment Division, National Status and Trends Program (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 633 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13623593M

A large-scale survey of sediment quality in Biscayne Bay, Florida, was conducted in – to characterize the relative degree, geographic patterns, and spatial extent of degraded sediment quality.

Chemical analyses and multiple toxicity tests were performed on surficial sediment samples collected over an area of km2 in greater Biscayne Bay, including saltwater reaches of Cited by: A Comparative Study of Contaminant Levels in Long Island Sound.

Surveillance Project sites (sites 10 and 11). cluding 60 Benthic Surveillance sites and 16 1 Mus. Chemical Contamination, Acute Toxicity in Laboratory Tests, and Benthic Impacts in Sediments of Puget Sound: A summary of results of the joint Ecology/NOAA survey (Number of pages: ) (Publication Size: 12MB).

National benthic surveillance project: Pacific Coast. rizes and interprets the status and trends of the organic chemical contaminants for 50 sites in Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and California for the years and includes results of the Long Beach site had high levels of chlordanes compared to most other sites.

The levels of. • Benthic Surveillance Project – to – chemical and biological contaminant trends in sediment and fish tissue – sediment, fish liver and fish bile chemistry for + organic and inorganic.

Description A summary of chemical contaminant levels at benthic surveillance project sites (1984-1992) FB2

from that bivalve site. For Benthic Surveillance sampling in the Northeast, stations were up to about 5 km apart, so, in effect, a site was up to times larger than that for other NS&T sites. In the Benthic Surveillance Project, sediment samples were obtained with a specially constructed box corer or a standard Smith-Maclntryre bottom grab.

mental chemical contaminants and pesticides” is a significant hazard. The criteria are: 1. Is it reasonably likely that unsafe levels of environ-mental chemical contaminants or pesticides will be introduced at the receiving step (e.g.

does the raw material come in with an unsafe level of an environ-mental chemical contaminant or pesticide). Chemical Contamination, Acute Toxicity in Laboratory Tests, and Benthic Impacts in Sediments of Puget Sound: A Summary of Results on the Joint − Ecology/NOAA Survey; Washington State.

Publisher Summary. This chapter discusses the strategies for assessing inhalation exposure to chemicals at hazardous waste sites. It also focuses on personal protection equipment (PPE) upgrade level selection, commonly used methods for measuring exposures, instrument selection considerations, operating principles and limitations of common direct-reading instruments, as well as hazardous.

physical, chemical and biological parameters (such as water levels, currents, waves, salinity, temperature, sus-pended sediment concentration and turbidity) as well as water and sediment chemistry parameters and ecology (such as water levels, currents, oxygen, contaminants, chlorophyll and biomass of benthic fauna).

Part of the.

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Executive Summary This report is a summary of information provided by Member State focusing on existing or needed tools, guidance, and best practices in the area of chemical safety and security management (including those related to chemical industry and laboratories).

Sixteen State Parties to the OPCW responded to the. For the most part, benthic communities at the NOAA NS ~ T sites would be expected to exhibit a range of responses consis- tent with this range of contamination.

Where contaminant concentra- tions are at moderate levels, these communities would not be drastic- ally impoverished in either numbers of species or species abundances. Biological Assessment of Sediment Contamination 15 Benthic Surveys 15 Community Structure/ Functional Analysis 16 Biota Tissue Residue Analysis 19 Fish 20 Tissue Residue Analysis 20 Sediment Bioassays 20 Section IV.

where sediment contaminant levels exceed the Severe Effect Level or a combination of the Lowest. Dieldrin was a common contaminant in the NS&T Benthic Surveillance fish liver survey, occurring in fish livers in some sites at concentrations above ppm wet weight.

The range was less than to a high of ppm wet weight in liver of winter flounder from a. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING IN THE OIL SANDS: WORK PLAN PROJECTS SUMMARY TABLE The Joint Oil Sands Monitoring projects summaries are presented here.

Click the title of a monitoring project below to access a brief description of the monitoring activity, objectives, assigned budget, key outcomes, geographic scope, and associated data and reporting. Common sources of exposure to higher-than-average levels of arsenic include near or in hazardous waste sites and areas with high levels naturally occurring in soil, rocks, and water.

Exposure to high levels of arsenic can cause skin lesions, various cancers, and death. The purpose of the project was to characterize the extent and magnitude of chemical contamination in southwest Puerto Rico, as part of a larger effort to link coral condition PDF National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Chemistry Data, Environmental Quality.

Benthic Surveillance Project: Cycle III Field Manual. NOAA Tech.

Details A summary of chemical contaminant levels at benthic surveillance project sites (1984-1992) PDF

Memo NOS OMA Lowe, S., R. Hoenicke, and J. Davis. Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Regional Monitoring Program for Trace Substances. RMP Contribution # San Francisco Estuary Regional Monitoring Program, San Francisco Estuary Institute.

Data analysis also indicated that random sampling nested in 25 m grids more effectively characterized areas of known chemical contamination than 5 and m grids.

In seven areas of known contamination, samples at 16 random sites were collected each year within a 25 m grid (16 samples/25 m grid × 7 sites = samples). A minimum of A chemical or biological substance in water, sediment, or living organism of the area that can be measured by an analytical method.

Contamination Degradation of water quality compared to original or natural conditions due to human or natural activity. Culture Media Combination of nutrients and reagents used to culture microorganisms (e.g. broths. Relationships between toxicopathic hepatic lesions and chemical contaminants in sediments, stomach contents, liver and bile were evaluated in English sole, starry flounder and white croaker from 27 sites on the Pacific Coast, and winter flounder from 22 sites on the Northeast Coast of the USA, as part of the NOAA's National Benthic Surveillance Program (NBSP).

mussels, and oysters at over coastal and estuarine sites by the Mussel Watch Project. Additionally, determinations of the levels and effects of the same chemicals in the livers of bottom-dwelling fish and associated sediments are made by the Benthic Surveillance Project at more than sites (refer to the map on the inside back cover).

Contaminant bioaccumulation dynamics was examined in young-of-the-year (YOY) bluefish subpopulations (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the New York Bight ecosystem, and the results were used to assess (i) effects of habitat quality in terms of levels of PCBs and pesticides on bluefish condition and (ii) fidelity of YOY bluefish to different subestuaries that served as the nurseries subsequent to.

Benthic fluxes of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) were measured over an annual cycle at two contrasting sites in Chesapeake Bay.

At an organic-rich, sulfidic site in the mesohaline portion of the Bay (site M) DOC fluxes from the sediments ranged from to mmol/m[sup 2]/d. Chemical Contaminant Summary. Results to date from the National Status and Trends Program monitoring efforts show that, with few exceptions, "high" levels of contamination in sedi- ments and associated biota are found at sites near urban areas.

Rapid Bioassessment Protocol III (RBP III) for benthic macroinvertebrates. RBP III utilizes the systematic field collection and analysis of major benthic taxa, and can detect subtle degrees of impairment at potentially contaminated sites.

Discrimination of four levels of. - presence/absence of contaminant metabolites in fish bile, liver, etc.

- presence of enzymes as part of detoxification process in organisms (e.g. measures exposure of fish to toxic chemicals). (c) Other Chemical Indicators: These are integrating (and usually simplifying) chemical measures of groups of compounds.

An example is the mapping of. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Action Levels for Poisonous and Deleterious Substances in Fish and Shellfish for Human Food. Type of Samples Which May Be Required Following Tier I to Conduct Dredged-Material Evaluation Tests. Summary of Recommended Procedures for Sample Collection, Preservation, and Storage.

National Benthic Surveillance Project: northeast coast: fish histopathology and relationships between lesions and chemical contaminants () environmental quality of U.S.

nearshore waters, NOAA initiated the National Status and Trends program in with its National Benthic Surveillance Project.

Monitoring data – Benthic Surveillance. Description: Analyzed chemical and biological contaminant trends in sediment and fish tissue collected at coastal sites from to The database includes: sediment, fish liver and fish bile chemistry for over organic and inorganic contaminants, and associated diseases in the fish livers.

Mussels and oysters are collected at designated coastal sites throughout the U.S and are analyzed on an annual basis for approximately contaminants.

Additional information on the history of the NS&T Mussel Watch, including a summary of contaminant levels over the last 20 years has been described in detail elsewhere3.The Mussel Watch Program uses resident and transplanted bivalves to monitor pollutant levels at coastal reference stations and selected sites in bays and estuaries to confirm potential toxic substance pollution.

The location of bivalve sampling stations in the Region are summarized in Figure 6‐2 and Table 6‐2.Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) (sometimes erroneously called Aberdeen Proving Grounds) is a U.S. Army facility located adjacent to Aberdeen, Harford County, Maryland, United of the facility is a census-designated place (CDP), which had a population of 3, at the census, and 2, as of the census.

There are 11 major commands among the tenant units, including.